Your rabbit has just been spayed or neutered. At the start, he/she received a combination of injectable and gas anesthetics to induce sleep. A combination of long-lasting pain relief was given to prevent any pain. An incision was made through the skin and the ovaries and uterus (for females) or testicles (for males) were removed. Because of the seriousness of the operation, your rabbit requires and deserves proper care and observation for the next several days. 

When you bring your rabbit home on the day of surgery he/she will be feeling the effects of the anesthetic. He/she may be feeling a little unhappy and disoriented by the trip to the clinic. While it is tempting to console your bunny by petting or cuddling, it is best to just leave him/her alone. It is important this first day that you confine him/her and disturb him/her as little as possible. This is equivalent to the strict bed rest you would get in the hospital if you had had surgery. Keep him/her away from all other animals and children. The exception is if he/she is part of a bonded pair or group. Most bunnies know when to rest and not push it too much. He/she should return to his/her normal self in a few days.

If your bunny is part of a bonded pair or group, he/she should not be separated from its pal(s). As long as these bunnies play nicely they may stay with each other. If they do not play calmly or are being too rough or are mounting they will need to be separated. Even then, they must be able to see, hear, smell and touch each other.

This first night especially make sure your bunny is kept warm (but not hot) while indoors.

Food is a must the day of surgery – in fact it is critical that he/she begin and continue eating. Bunnies prefer healthy foods such as fresh greens and hay while they are recovering from surgery. Bunnies also seem to like fragrant herbs such as cilantro, basil, parsley, dill and mint during this recovery period. You should encourage your rabbit to eat by offering a tempting array of things that are good to eat. Water should always be available for your bunny. Even if he/she is used to a sipper bottle he/she may not use it if it is too much work. During this initial recovery period also provide your rabbit with a heavy ceramic bowl for water.

Your rabbit will need to be confined indoors for at least 7 days following surgery and kept as quiet as possible. Too much activity too soon will disrupt the healing process and can lead to swelling and/or the formation of a fluid pocket under the incision.

Observe the incision daily. Make sure she has not reopened the incision by chewing or scratching at it. You may notice a small amount of redness and firm swelling. This is normal and usually resolves in a few weeks. Rabbits often react this way to internal sutures. Any drainage or bleeding or excessively large swelling is not normal and should be reported to the clinic.

Avoid getting the incision wet for at least 7 days.

You should observe his/her fecal pellets for signs of trouble. For the first 1-2 days after surgery, it is not unusual for the pellets to be soft or mucus-covered. If this persists after day 2, you should see your regular veterinarian immediately. Slowed or no fecal output may indicate an uncommon but serious post-surgical complication.

For male rabbits that have been neutered, keep them away from intact female rabbits for a minimum of 2-4 weeks. Male rabbits have viable sperm for a few weeks after neutering.


We use “buried sutures” in rabbits.  This technique requires no removal of the sutures.  They are buried beneath the surface of the skin and will dissolve on their own. It is also possible that skin glue was used on your rabbit.

If a problem should develop, contact Dr. Kramer immediately at (305) 387-0721. In the event of an after-hours emergency, call your local veterinarian or an emergency animal clinic.  Any fees paid will be the responsibility of the owner; Dr. Kramer will not reimburse any costs.

We anticipate that your rabbit will have a normal, uneventful recovery. If you have any questions regarding his/her progress, please call us.


After-care Instructions for Rabbits

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